Adopting a child is a wonderful and complicated undertaking. Formally adopting a child can take many forms such as between family members, step-parents or stranger adoption. Each of these types of adoptions is treated differently. Unfortunately, there are still many more children that prospective parents, therefore, adoption agencies are always looking for new parents. This article will go over the various ways in which you may adopt a child.
You can adopt a child either through a public or private agency. These agencies help you fill out the paperwork and counsel you and the child through the process. An adoption through these agencies is not a guarantee. The agency evaluates prospective parents and only matches them with children after exhaustive research.
An independent adoption is done outside of an agency. Usually, they are done between people who know one another, like friends. Typically the birth and adoptive parents will be familiar with one another. Some states forbid this type of adoption and many others strictly regulate it.
There are also open and closed adoptions. An open adoption allows the birth parents to maintain a relationship with the foster parents. The birth parents and adoptive parents often meet and share information about one another. Conversely, closed adoptions involve little to no contact. Stepparent adoption is fairly self-explanatory. Most stepparents do this when they want to formalize a legal relationship between themselves and their step-children. This action severs the stepchild's legal relationship to his or her birth parent. This also allows the stepchild to access certain benefits such as death and inheritance benefits of the stepparent.
If you are trying to adopt a child, then you may want to speak to an attorney. As you can see, there are many differing types of adoptions depending on your relationship to the child and your situation. Each different type carries different requirements and obligations to meet it. An attorney can help you navigate the laws and forms required to formally adopt your child.